Homeopathy came into existence by an accidental observation by Samuel Hahnemann of a phenomenon of homeopathy. He observed that while large doses of a substance produced disease in a healthy man, small doses of the same thing cured the illness it produced.
This was partly misinterpreted and the ‘principle of similars’ was proposed. The rest of the practice (provings, matching etc) was developed based on this partly misinterpreted phenomenon. We will learn later that it is not the ‘same curing the same’ or ‘similar curing the similar’ but actually a negative state (superdilute remedy) curing the positive state (solute excess state or disease). So contrary to what homeopaths preach, they are actually using an opposite ‘force’ to treat the disease and not the same force. In this context, homeopathy should have been called as ‘allopathy’!.
Despite this, Hahnemann’s observation is without doubt one of the greatest scientific discoveries, though an explanation for the paradoxical phenomenon remained elusive to the scientific minds and defied all the logic.
The ‘principle of minimum dose’ states that in treating a disease, the remedy needs to be used in its minimum dose for it to exert its effect. The smaller the dose the more effective the remedy becomes in curing the illness.
Homeopathic remedies are prepared by serial dilution and succussion of the original ingredient much beyond the Avogadro’s limit of dilution (10-24). That means none of the original substance remains in the final solution from which the remedy is made. So according to modern science the final solution is nothing but just the solvent/water without any solute molecules.
How can any substance exert its effect without actually being present in the remedy? This is the most controversial and criticized principle of Homeopathy. Isopathy and tautopathy which are touted as distinct entities by some hardcore homeopaths, also suffer from the same fundamental flaws.
While modernists refuse to accept homeopathy because of its implausible principles, homeopaths, ‘though not so intelligent’, strongly believe in it as they have practically seen the benefits of homeopathy in many of their patients. But the homeopaths have neither been able to come out with a scientific explanation nor been able to consistently reproduce their results.